2014 EHV-1 Symptoms and Outbreak Locations
 By Saferaphus   •   24th Apr 2014   •   2,987 views   •   0 comments
2014 EHV-1 Symptoms and Outbreak Locations

Another disease has made the lives of horse owners and their horses miserable in recent weeks. An outbreak of Equine Herpesvirus began at the beginning of March, and horses in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Iowa were affected, with three requiring euthanasia. This week, a horse in Virginia was euthanized after the EHV-1 progressed to EHM, or Equine Herpesvirus Myeloenphalopathy. Outbreaks in individual horses and small groups have also been reported in California, Oregon, Colorado, North Dakota, North Carolina and Pennsylvania.

The concern of spread has forced organizers of many events, including the Minnesota Horse Expoto restrict the number of horses attending for fear of spreading the virus. Stallion owners, breed and registry groups, and other stable owners are encouraged to put up displays rather than exhibit their horses. One barn at Aqueduct Racetrack remained under a precautionary quarantine after a horse was found to have EHV-1. Barrel racing and distance riding events have also been canceled.

Related: Which Vaccinations Does Your Horse Really Need
Related: 10 Diseases You Can Catch From Your Horse
Related: Six Horses in Tennessee Quarantined After Testing Positive for Equine Infectious Anemia
Related: Horse in Texas Team Roping Competition Tested Positive for Rabies

EHV-1, also known as Rhinopneumonitis starts out with cold-like symptoms. EHV-1 is only one of five different variations of EHV. Some of these variations affect the respiratory system, and some do not. EHV-1 is very contagious, being spread through the air when an infected horse coughs or clears its nose. The virus can linger on equipment like buckets, bits and feeders, or on stall walls or fences where a horse might touch.

Within ten days of being exposed to the virus, the horse may have an elevated temperature, become depressed, lose its appetite and refuse to eat. The horseís nose may start to run with thick mucous and the glands beneath its jaw and cheek bones will become swollen. Blood tests may show a decreased white blood cell count. Pregnant mares may abort their foals.

If the disease progresses, the virus may affect the neurological system of the horse. A horse may stumble, be off balance and eventually become paralyzed. At this stage, there is no treatment and euthanasia is the only option. EHV-1 can also lead to bacterial infections such as pneumonia.

Young horses are more at risk for EHV-1, because older horses often develop a natural immunity. There is a vaccine that prevents short-term protection, which may be valuable during an outbreak, but doesnít provide long-term protection. Most people donít vaccinate for EHV unless they are traveling a lot with their horse in areas where EHV outbreaks are occurring. Pregnant mares can be vaccinated in the fifth month of gestation.

The only other preventative is quarantine. Horses that test positive for EHV-1 should be kept separate from healthy horses. If you know that an outbreak has occurred, you may want to curtail your traveling plans. If you visit any horse event, wash your hands thoroughly, and clean any equipment you used that might carry the virus home to your own horses.

If your horse does get EHV-1, your vet will help you care for it, and if a bacterial infection is possible, administer antibiotics. There is no medication to specifically fight the virus though. Only good care, including high-quality feed, fresh water and a clean environment can be provided so that the horseís immune system can fight its own battle.

 More News by Saferaphus
Newfoundland Pony Near Extinction
16th Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
When one pictures the rugged scenery of Newfoundland and Labrador, ponies rarely make it into the picture. Salt cod, dense fogs, deep snows, rough water perhaps. But, in that beautiful but often times harsh environment, a hardy br ...
Types of Hobby Horses
12th Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
How many of us, dreaming of riding a real horse, rode a hobby horse instead? Hobby horses have evolved, perhaps not so profoundly as real horses. But clearly, from very early on, hobby horses have satisfied some sort of need to ho ...
Keeping and Using Stallions
10th Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
There are a lot of myths about stallions. Some people believe only men should handle stallions. Many think they are more majestic, noble and wild than mares and geldings. Most of us take for granted that you donít turn a stallion ...
Cannabis For Horses
9th Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
Marijuana legalization is a hot topic. Here in Canada, itís about to be legalized. It already is in several states and countries. Iím not going to comment about the pros and cons of legalization, or of its use in general. After re ...
What is That Cough
6th Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
In Eastern Canada, a contagious disease is quarantining stables and shutting down events. Streptococcus Equi, a bacterial infection better known as strangles, has even shut down the famous RCMP musical ride. Strangles presents its ...
Horse Trailer Accidents
3rd Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
Horse Trailer accidents really scare me. Iíve seen horses hung over the chest bars, cast upside down on the floors, stuck halfway out the human doors, hung up in tie ropes and I know of at least one that climbed out the side windo ...
The Economics of Horses
2nd Jun 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
A 2017 study of the horse industry by the American Horse Council found that the horse industry has a $50 billion impact on the overall economy in the United States. This did not take into account the spending of race and competiti ...
Unusual Things To Do On A Horse
30th May 2018   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Saferaphus
Cleaning stalls leaves your mind pretty free to wander. So lately, with a pitchfork in my hand, I wondered what else do people do on horseback besides just ride? ...
  View All News by Saferaphus
©2002 - 2018   PonyBox LLC Create Account Terms & Conditions Privacy Contact Us
365 Members Online 239,806 Registered Members 2,440 News Articles 10,066,537 Unique News Article Views 219,004,806 Website Views