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Horses by The Sea
 By Saferaphus   •   18th Jul 2017   •   212 views   •   0 comments
Horses by The Sea

So many horse breeds originated in European countries like Germany, France, and Great Britain that we forget that there are also many breeds developed elsewhere. Certainly, the Arabian Peninsula and area is where the Arabian, Barb, Akhal-Teke and other hot blooded breeds began. There are North and South American breeds that are widely known. But, there are several breeds that have their origins in Southeast Asia. Hereís a look at some of the breeds of SEA.

The Republic of Indonesia is made up of many, many islands. And many of these islands have populations of Sumba and Sumbawa Horses. These small stocky horses were used for transport and farming. On the island of Timor, the Timor Horse was once widely used. The Sandalwood is a slightly larger breed of these islands. It is a popular race horse and has been outcrossed with Arabians and Thoroughbreds to increase its size and speed. Another racing breed, the Batak, is now used as a riding horse. The Java and Padang are more refined than many of the Indonesian breeds, largely due to the influence of Arabiman stock. Indonesian horse often have their ears nicked into distinctive patterns that indicate their ownership. Like many throughout SEA, most of these breeds are very similar to the horses they probably descended from, the horses of Mongolia.

The Bajua Pony developed in the country of Malaysia. This hardy pony is said to be well adapted to the heat and humidity and has a natural resistance to parasites. Kuda Padi are pony-sized and were developed in the north eastern peninsula of Malaysia.

Cambodians are from Cambodia of course. This is another hardy, heat-tolerating pony. The Burmese pony was developed in the former country of Burma, now called Myanmar. The small country of Laos often gets negative attention, but they do seem to have plenty of horses: 32,000 if Iím reading the FAO statistics correctly. The Ma, a word that simply means horse, is a pony developed in the country. Not much has been written about this pony. And, Thailand too, has a breed called the Thai Pony. The only SEA countries that donít seem to have a horse or pony breed are Vietnam, which the FAO stats indicate has over 60,000 horses and Brunei Darussalam which is supposed to have the same number.

Bordering on SEA is the island country of Japan. Japan isn't a country well known for horse breeding. Nevertheless, I thought it interesting that there are about eight horse breeds that the Japanese call their own. Some of these are very rare, with less than two hundreds representative of several breeds left. Recent preservation efforts have saved many from extinction. All of the Japanese breeds seem to have a few things in common. They are all small-ish, almost pony-like in build, and rather similar to other small breeds such as the Tarpan and the Przewalski's Horse.

But, despite their similarities, each breed was developed for a different purpose and in a different region of the country. Itís believed that all Japanese horses are descendants of horses brought from the mainland. Itís thought that horses were first used in warfare, and because oxen were the preferred beast of burden for agriculture, horses werenít used for farming and transport until much later.

The Misaki Horse developed in the Miyazaki Prefecture and there are now less than 100 left. Until automobiles took over, the 11 hand Miyako Horse was widely used for transport. There are now fewer than thirty left and they have been declared a natural treasure. The Kiso Horse is one of the larger of the Japanese breeds and itís thought there were once thousands, used as cavalry mounts. There are now just over 100. The other breeds include the Noma Horse, Yonaguni Horse, Taishu Horse, Tokara, Dosanko or Hokkaido Washu, and the Miyako Horse.
Horses by The Sea
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