Items

Forums
 
Six Horses in Tennessee Quarantined After Testing Positive for Equine Infectious Anemia
 By Winniefield Park   •   30th Mar 2014   •   10,890 views   •   0 comments
Six Horses in Tennessee Quarantined After Testing Positive for Equine Infectious Anemia

Six horses in Tennessee have been put in quarantine after testing positive for Equine Infectious Anemia. Horse owners in the state are being advised to test for the virus. Equine Infection Anemia is most commonly spread from horse to horse through mosquitoes. The insect draws blood from one horse carrying the virus. The virus multiplies in the mosquito, but does not harm it. When the mosquito has another blood meal, a small amount of the virus is 'injected' into the next victim, along with the anti-coagulating saliva it uses to make sure that the tiny wound it made doesn't seal over before it's finished its meal. It's also this saliva that our body reacts to by becoming red and itchy.

Related: 2014 EHV-1 Symptoms and Outbreak Locations
Related: Horse in Texas Team Roping Competition Tested Positive for Rabies

EIA can also be transferred through unsanitary veterinary equipment, from stallion to mare and from mare to foal, either before the foal is born or from the mare's milk.

Incidences of EIA have occurred world-wide, so there is no place where this disease isn't a concern. It is most prevalent in areas where mosquito populations are high, but testing isn't required. In areas that require testing, there is a markedly fewer incidents of EIA, despite a high mosquito population. Something called a Coggins test (also called an AGID test), or an ELSA test is used to determine if the virus is in the horse's blood stream. Many areas of the world require horses to have this test yearly, and many associations require horses competing in their events to have a negative Coggins test.

EIA damages the immune system and horses that get it will have the following symptoms:

Restlessness

Higher than normal temperature, respiration and pulse

Weakness

Poor coordination

Abortion in broodmares

Poor overall health and energy levels

A fever may rise and fall quickly. Jaundice, an indication of liver failure and fluid retention (swelling) may develop. There may also be small sores on the mucous membranes such as cheeks, nostrils, and inside of the mouth. The virus is actually very similar to the one that causes human HIV, and the effects can be just as devastating. About 30% of horses who get EIA die within a short time. Some horses will appear to recover, then repeatedly have a return of the symptoms, often in response to stress such as extreme heat, heavy workload or drug sensitivities. Or, a horse may appear to recover fully, but will still carry the virus for the rest of its life, and could infect other horses. The owner will then have a very difficult decision. Either keep the horse totally quarantined for the rest of its life, or euthanize it.

Unfortunately, unlike a few other diseases transmissible by mosquitoes like WNV and Equine Viral Arteritis, there is no vaccination for EIA. The only way to control it, besides testing is by controlling mosquitoes. This means taking measures to reduce mosquitoes around your horse's home and using repellents, blankets and masks to keep them off of your horse.

Let's hope that the outbreak in Tennessee has reached its peak, and that no more horses have been infected. Many of us know what it is like to lose a horse and can only imagine the frustration and sorrow of having to lose a horse to such a disease.
 Related Horse News
Six Horses in Tennessee Quarantined After Testing Positive for Equine Infectious Anemia
30th Mar 2014   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
Six horses in Tennessee have been put in quarantine after testing positive for Equine Infectious Anemia. Horse owners in the state are being advised to test for the virus. Equine Infection Anemia is most commonly spread from horse ...
New Mexico County Takes Preemptive Action Against VSS Spread
23rd Jul 2019   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
In an effort to control an outbreak of Vesicular Stomatitis Virus in horses, Sandoval County in New Mexico is proceeding with an aggressive mosquito control program. Vesicular Stomatitis is a viral disease carried by biting insect ...
Equine West Nile Virus Protection
5th Aug 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
Summertime brings out the bugs. So here is a friendly reminder that itís time to protect your horse from biting insects, especially mosquitoes that carry disease. The risk increases if the weather is damp and rainy creating the pe ...
  View More PonyBox Related Horse Articles
 More News by Winniefield Park
2021 Equine Affaire What to Expect
26th Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
What will you see at Equine Affaire 2021? This brief video highlights just a few of the things you will see and do at one of the largest equine trade show extravaganzas in North America. ...
Three Active PonyBox Horses Jumping over 103
24th Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
Three active horses sit at the record jump of 103.5 inches as of mid-October 2021. ...
Sonrise Therapeutic Riding
23rd Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
There is no doubt therapeutic riding has so many benefits. Sonrise Equestrian Foundation gives children who have special needs the sense of empowerment that riding inspires. Qualified instructors and volunteers provide instruction ...
Adelinde Cornelissen Walks Away from Medal for Horse
21st Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
A fifteen-year journey to the Rio Olympics took an unexpected turn for a Dutch dressage rider and her horse Parzival. Adelinde Cornelissen was faced with what might have been a difficult decision for some. She turned her back on t ...
Canary Islands Horse Rescue
19th Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
Tenerife is part of the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain and is a popular tourist destination. Unfortunately, the horses of Tenerife rarely benefit from this thriving industry and many are neglected, unhealthy and malnourishe ...
New Roster Takes Over Top PonyBox Horses
17th Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
The first full week of October saw a new roster of top PonyBox horses and high jumpers with a Black Forest mare challenging the Thoroughbreds usually seen in the top ranks. ...
80 Year Old Woman Rides Horse 600 Miles
16th Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
600km is 372 miles, and a substantial distance to ride no matter how you measure it. But, itís a yearly trek for Jane Dotchin, who made her first trek in 1972. Now, 40 years later at the age of 80, riding her quiet horse Diamond a ...
Iceland Horseback Riding Tours
15th Oct 2021   |   Equine Disease and Prevention   |   Winniefield Park
If you are bitten by the travel bug and are anxious to get out exploring Iceland will be on your bucket list. Horseback riding tours are quite popular and feature hardy Icelandic horses. This equestrian travel vlog explores the gr ...
  View All News by Winniefield Park
 
©2002 - 2021   PonyBox LLC Create Account Advertise Terms Privacy Contact Us
255 Members Online 270,900 Registered Members 2,966 News Articles 12,859,814 Unique News Article Views 310,364,691 Website Views